Mayan calendar dating
And in terms of these factors, it is felt that the GMT theory is the best explanation, to date. 21, 2012, the Mayans "predicted" apocalypse with one of their calendars (in reality, they didn't).
Such an assumption indeed does possess merit, were the calendar devised – as many suspect - to harmonise various key astronomical cycles; given that during this early period in their civilisation (prior to the 1st century BC), the Maya were still actively engaged in refining the primary values (through astronomical observation) of the various celestial cycles upon which they sought to base their calendar.In effect, both systems as presented would appear to be but two aspects of a single unified calendar system.That such is widely accepted in academic circles can be had from the fact that scholars oftentimes refer to the 52 year Venus calendar as the ‘short count’, to distinguish it from the far lengthier 5125 year Long Count.Essentially, what scholars were looking for was an exact date in terms of the Julian calendar, which corresponded to a date of 0.0.0.0.0. During these early years of study, many theories emerged as to just when the Mayan calendar began at time: 0.0.0.0.0. A list of the most prominent is quite extensive: As of the present, it is the accepted opinion of academia today, that in all likelihood, the GMT date of 6 September 3114 BC (Julian Calendar), as put forth by Goodman, Martinez, and Thompson (an abbreviation of their names) is the date of 0.0.0.0.0. As one indeed may see from the above table, quite a number of researchers developed dates all very near to one another in the year 3114 BC, close to the beginning of September; such a fact being highly suggestive of a convergence in thinking amongst researchers, leading, one would hope, to the decisive truth . Jenkins, 1998, Maya Cosmogenesis 2012, p.93 It is of course a major essay if not a book in and of itself that would be required to lay out the careful reasoning that underscores the basis for any of the above theories.The basic cycles ranged from that of a single day, up to a series of far lengthier periods.
In total there were five major time cycles that comprised the calendar, each fractionally harmonious with the full measure of the primary interval (of 1872000 days).
From the surviving stelae as examined, modern scholars determined in the course of their early studies that the Long Count calendar was in all likelihood established sometime about 500 BC, though this does represent somewhat of a tentative date.
For indeed, the earliest known stelae uncovered from excavations were found to date only to the 1st century BC, sometime much later.
A careful evaluation of the nested time cycles of the Long Count calendar, as identified on various stelae, revealed that they were composed of whole number periods of earth solar days.
Each had their own assigned names as known to the Maya.
which marked the ascension of a Maya king known as Bird Jaguar.