Native american burial sites dating back
I feel that DNA is just one of the pieces of history that can be recovered and has a story to tell, along with early records, cultural artifacts and oral history.
2012, PLOS Genetic uniqueness of the Waorani tribe from the Ecuadorian Amazon, Heredity 108, 609-615, 2012, Cardoso et al Reconciling migration models to the Americas with the variation of North American native mitogenomes, Alessandro Achjilli et al, PNAS Aug.Autosomal tests provide you with percentage estimates of your ethnicity although they can vary widely between companies for various reasons. Less Than Ethical DNA Tests for Native Heritage Because of the desire within the consuming public to know more about their Native heritage, several specialty testing services have emerged to offer “Native American” tests.Recently, one, for informing a woman that she was related to or descended from the extinct Beothuk tribe based on a match to a partial, damaged, mitochondrial sample from skeletal remains, now in housed in Scotland.For haplogroups though to be only Native, I have put any other submission information, which is often from Siberia.I have labeled the major founding haplogroups, as such.Some individuals are unhappy that some haplogroups were among the Anzick results and that I have not removed them at their request, in particular, M23. Phylotree Versions The Phylotree is the document that defines the mutations that equate to haplogroup names.
To arbitrarily remove a haplogroup listing would be a breach of the protocol I followed. Please note that most papers don’t indicate which version of the Phylotree they used when sequencing the DNA.
This has caused quite an uproar, in both genetic genealogy and Native American research communities, and has been resoundingly discredited by geneticists.
People’s motivation for wanting to know if they have Native heritage generally falls into the following categories: Questions about DNA testing to reveal Native ancestry are the most common questions I receive and my Native DNA articles are the most visited on my website and blog.
Legitimate DNA Tests for Native Heritage There are for Native ancestry, including the Y DNA and mitochondrial DNA tests for direct paternal (blue box genealogy line, below) and direct matrilineal lines (red circle genealogy line, below).
Both Y and mitochondrial DNA have scientifically identified and confirmed haplogroups found only in Native Americans, as discussed .
Many mitochondrial DNA haplogroups are subgroups of known Native groups, but never before documented as Native.